Al momento de expresar nuestras emociones o cuando damos una descripción de algo es donde ponemos en práctica los participial adjectives y estos pueden ser de dos formas:

-          Present participle (ing)

-          Past participle (ed)

Para que tengas una mejor idea de cómo utilizarlos, a continuación, te daremos una explicación detallada con una serie de ejemplos claros para que formen parte de tu vocabulario diario y así mejorar tu fluidez de una forma extraordinaria, o como diríamos en inglés, “you’ll be amazed at how amazing your vocabulary will be!”

 

Los present participial adjectives o mejor dicho los que terminan en “ing”, son los que utilizamos al momento de describir a alguien o algo, algunos ejemplos son:

 

-          I had an amazing trip.

-          Mexico city was certainly exciting.

-          I am reading an interesting book.

-           

Los past participial adjectives o, mejor dicho, los adjetivos que terminan en “ed” son los que utilizamos específicamente para expresar un sentimiento, algunos ejemplos son:

 

-          I was so bored at the conference

-          I felt amazed in the roller coaster

-          The meeting always makes me feel stressed

 

Básicamente, los adjetivos terminados en “ing” (present participle adjectives) son la causa y los adjetivos terminados en “ed”(past participle adjectives) son el efecto. Para que tengas una mejor y clara idea te presentamos un texto completo en donde ambos tipos de adjetivos se ponen en práctica:

MY BIGGEST FEAR

 

Traveling by plane is one of the most terrifying experiences since I am always terrified when I do it. Last week I heard some shocking news, a plane had to have an emergency landing since one of the engines stopped working, I was absolutely shocked.

 

Next week I am going to travel to Brazil. I am very excited because the carnivals there are so exciting but still, I am a little worried about the flight.

 

I am relieved because my brother is going to travel with me, it is always relieving to be next to him as he always makes me laugh.

 

I will have so many stories to tell when I get back home and will tell my friends all the amazing experiences, they will be amazed for sure.

 

¿Notaste como ahora es mucho más fácil identificar cada uno y usarlos para construir tus propias oraciones? Para que sea incluso mucho más fácil, a continuación, te mostramos una lista de los past participial y present participial adjectives más comunes:

  • Alarmed - Alarming

  • Aggravated - Aggravating

  • Amused - Amusing

  • Annoyed - Annoying

  • Astonished - Astonishing

  • Astounded - Astounding

  • Bored - Boring

  • Captivated - Captivating

  • Challenged - Challenging

  • Charmed - Charming

  • Comforted - Comforting

  • Confused - Confusing

  • Convinced - Convincing

  • Depressed - Depressing

  • Disappointed - Disappointing

  • Discouraged - Discouraging

  • Disgusted - Disgusting

  • Distressed - Distressing

  • Disturbed - Disturbing

  • Embarrassed - Embarrassing

  • Encouraged - Encouraging

  • Entertained - Entertaining

  • Excited - Exciting

  • Exhausted - Exhausting

  • Fascinated - Fascinating

  • Frightened - Frightening

  • Frustrated - Frustrating

  • Fulfilled - Fulfilling

  • Gratified - Gratifying

  • Inspired - Inspiring

  • Insulted - Insulting

  • Interested - Interesting

  • Moved - Moving

  • Overwhelmed - Overwhelming

  • Perplexed - Perplexing

  • Pleased - Pleasing

  • Relaxed - Relaxing

  • Relieved - Relieving

  • Satisfied - Satisfying

  • Shocked - Shocking

  • Sickened - Sickening

  • Soothed - Soothing

  • Surprised - Surprising

  • Tempted - Tempting

  • Terrified - Terrifying

  • Threatened - Threatening

  • Thrilled - Thrilling

  • Tired - Tiring

  • Touched - Touching

  • Troubled - Troubling

  • Unsettled - Unsettling

  • Worried - Worrying

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