Los modal verbs en el idioma inglés se ocupan para diferentes situaciones como mostrar que creemos que algo es certero o posible, para hacer ofertas, hablar de habilidades, pedir permiso, hacer solicitudes, obligación, etc. Los modal verbs son usados junto con otros verbos en su forma base o junto con el auxiliar “have”.
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Humans are social beings, which means that relationships play a key role in our lives. Whether it be a romantic relationship or a friendship, we all have had and continue to have connections to those around us. Since Valentine’s Day happens to fall during the month of February, we’ll be talking about how to use different phrasal verbs to talk about our relationships. In the past, this holiday has been exclusively for couples, but recently it has become more of a day to show how much we care about and love those important people in our lives.
Let’s talk about our friends
Have (someone) over: have somebody visit your house or apartment
o We’re having about 10 people over for dinner on Sunday.
o I’m having Sara over tonight to watch the soccer game.
·Meet up or get together: spend time with a friend in person
o I’m meeting up with Jorge at 9 o’clock tonight at his house.
o We got together last week to plan his birthday party.
·Catch up: talk about new events going on in a friend’s life
o Sara and I finally had a chance to catch up last week.
o Let’s get together soon so we can catch up!
·Get in touch: contact somebody
o If I ever go to Brazil, I’ll make sure to get in touch with you.
o I need to get in touch with my sister. It’s been a long time since we last spoke.
Keep or stay in touch with someone: make an effort to stay in contact with somebody over a period of time
o We should keep in touch after you move.
o Whatsapp makes it easier to keep in touch now.
Lose touch: not have contact with someone
o We lost touch when she moved back to Japan.
o I haven’t been in touch with Alba since things started to get so busy at work.
Fall out with or have a falling out: have an argument or disagreement with someone
o We had a falling out and haven’t talked since.
o I fell out with Anthony about three years ago when he lied to me.
Be close with (someone): have a strong relationship or friendship with another person
o I’m very close with my family.
o Maria Jose and Anna are very close friends.
Let’s talk about couples and romantic relationships
Be interested in someone: like or have feelings for another person
o I’m really interested in her.
o She told me she was interested in him.
Hit on or come on to: try to attract someone romantically. This usually involves a combination of comments and gestures that show you’re interested in that person.
*Note: Flirting with someone is also another way to say “hitting on” someone.
o I thought he was cute, so I started hitting on him.
o She kept on getting hit on the whole night at the bar.
Check out: look at someone with a romantic or sexual interest
o Whenever we hang out it’s hard not to check out his brother because he’s so hot (in this context “hot” means really “good looking” or physically attractive).
o He was checking her out the whole time we were at the restaurant.
Hit it off: have a good relationship or connection from the very first time you meet a person
*Note: can be a connection on a friendship or romantic level
o We hit it off at the barbeque and have been spending time together ever since.
o They hit it off at the party last night.
Ask out: invite someone to go out on a date
o You should ask her out when you see her tomorrow at work.
o She asked him out on a date last week.
Fall for: have strong feelings for someone or to be in love with someone
o They fell for each other instantly.
o He fell for a beautiful, older woman.
Blow off: ignore or choose not to talk to or spend time with someone
o She totally blew me off last week when she said she had “stuff to do.”
o We had plans, but he blew me off at the last minute.
Break up or split up: end a relationship
o She broke up with her boyfriend yesterday.
o They split up after a huge argument.
Make up: to resolve a conflict, apologize or forgive someone.
o They made up after they had a heated argument.
o When are they finally going to make up?
Get over: no longer have romantic feelings for someone or to let go of a past relationship
o She got over him a few months after they broke up.
o It took him awhile to get over her and start dating other people.
Cheat on: be disloyal or have sexual relations with another person while still in an exclusive relationship with someone else.
o She’s been cheating on him for the last few months.
o He cheated on her with a mutual friend.
Lead on: make someone believe or act like they’re interested in someone romantically, when they’re really not.
o He was leading her on so bad at the party last week.
o She led him on when they were flirting at Ramon’s house.
Go Dutch: Each person pays for their own portion of the bill (usually at a restaurant or bar)
o How do you want to pay for the bill? Let’s go Dutch.
o I assumed we were going Dutch when we went out to dinner.
Written by: Monica Jones
As you read today’s blog, vocabulary will be used throughout the text! Key vocabulary words are bold, and you can find their definitions at the bottom of the page. Happy reading! And Happy New Year! May it be safe, happy, and filled with English practice.
A resolution is a goal or objective that we set at the beginning of the New Year. Maybe you want to spend more time with your kids, secure a big promotion, eat more vegetables, save more money, or learn to play the ukulele. New Year’s Resolutions look different for everybody! Whether your resolution is to kick a bad habit or learn a new skill, it’s important that your goals are achievable.
I’ve always admired the people that set ambitious New Year’s resolutions and stay committed to them. Unfortunately, I often set unrealistic goals and fail quickly! One of my biggest pitfalls is that I choose to change a behavior too quickly. For example, I once chose the resolution to exercise five days a week, even though I generally only exercised twice a week. Instead, decide to try a new exercise class one more time per week. If you want to learn a musical instrument, your goal shouldn’t be to perform in a concert at the end of the year (unless you’re a musical prodigy). Perhaps a better resolution is to learn ten songs. Goals like this are measurable and doable. There’s nothing wrong with shooting for the stars, but starting with small changes is a good way to insure you don’t fail immediately and disappoint yourself.
Research shows that the most common New Year’s resolutions are health-related: losing weight, exercising more, and quitting smoking. People also set the goal to get out of debt, save money, change jobs, or travel more. It’s not easy to keep our New Year’s goals, but no matter what, it’s a worthwhile challenge.
According to History.com, people have been making New Year’s resolutions for thousands of years. About, 4,000 years ago, ancient Babylonians would celebrate the turn of the year by throwing a big party and making promises to their gods. Those promises were probably the original New Year’s resolutions! The custom of celebrating the New Year in January was established by Julius Ceasar and the Romans, in honor of their god, Janus. As history continued, Christians saw the New Year as a moment to reflect on their sins and mistakes and make commitments to improve in the future. Now, both religious and secular people around the world see the New Year as a time for reflection and goal-setting.
So, what will you do this year? Will you continue the 4,000 year tradition of looking to the future and setting goals? I wish you luck! As for me, I’ll be making realistic goals this year and doing my best to stick with them.
Resolution (noun) - an objective or goal
Goal (noun) - an objective
To set resolutions (phrase) - to decide on and try to achieve your goals
Spend time (phrase) - to dedicate time to an activity, pasar tiempo
Promotion (noun) - to move to a higher position in your job, to advance
Save money (phrase) - to put money to the side, ahorrar
Kick a bad habit (idiom) - to stop a regular, negative part of your routine (i.e. smoking or drinking too much)
Skill (noun) - an ability
Achievable (adjective) - able to be reached/obtained successfully
Admire (verb) - to respect
Committed (adjective) - dedicated
Unrealistic (adjective) - not possible, not realistic
Fail (verb) - to not succeed, to not complete your objective
Pitfall(s) (noun) - danger or difficulty
Choose (verb) - to select
Behavior (noun) - a person’s way of acting
Even though (phrase) - despite, aunque
Instead (adverb) - as an alternative, en lugar de
Prodigy (noun) - a person with extreme ability
Measurable (adjective) - able to be measured, mensurable
Doable (adjective) - something you definitely can do or complete
Shoot for the stars (idiom) - to have very big dreams and goals
Insure (verb) - to guarantee
Quit (verb) - to stop completely
Smoking (noun) - the habit of using tobacco or a drug
Get out of debt (phrase) - to successfully overcome a financial deficit
No matter what (phrase) - regardless of, a pesar de
Worthwhile (adjective) - worth the time, money, or effort spent, vale la pena
Challenge (noun) - a difficult task or situation
Turn of the year (idiom) - the change from one year to the next
Throw a party (idiom) - to have a celebration
Make promises (phrase) - the action of making commitments to yourself or to other people
Custom (noun) - a tradition
Sin(s) (noun) - a religious word for immoral actions
Mistake(s) (noun) - an error
Commitment(s) (noun) - a promise or dedication
Improve (verb) - to get better
Secular (noun) - not religious
Reflection (noun) - serious thought and consideration
Stick with (phrasal verb) - to continue, to stay committed
Written by: Mariah Wika